Reprodutibilidade de questionário sobre aspectos psicossociais relacionados ao consumo de frutas e hortaliças em adolescente

Thais Meirelles Vasconcelos, Luana Silva Monteiro, Diana Barbosa Cunha, Rosely Sichieri, Rosangela Alves Pereira

Resumo


Objetivo: Realizar adaptação transcultural e avaliar a reprodutibilidade de questionário sobre aspectos psicossociais associados ao consumo de frutas e hortaliças de adolescentes. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo teste-reteste, realizado em 2015, com 92 adolescentes estudantes de escola pública de Niterói, Rio de Janeiro (Brasil). Realizou-se a adaptação transcultural das questões relativas ao consumo de frutas e hortaliças do questionário costarriquenho “Aspectos Psicosociales Asociados a la Nutrición y Actividad Física de Adolescentes”, o qual possuía cinco dimensões, distribuídas em 46 questões, que avaliavam a influência da autoeficácia, família, pares, imagem corporal e mídia/meio sobre o consumo. Avaliou-se a reprodutibilidade por meio da comparação de dados obtidos em duas aplicações do instrumento. Utilizaram-se a estatística kappa e o coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (ICC). Resultados: As análises mostraram que para 60% das questões, o valor do kappa foi estatisticamente significativo (p<0,05) e variou entre 0,21 e 0,52, indicando concordância razoável ou moderada. Os aspectos psicossociais que apresentaram maior concordância foram a autoeficácia (ICC 0,75), a família (ICC 0,59), a imagem corporal (ICC 0,47) e os pares (ICC 0,30). Conclusão: O questionário apresenta boa reprodutibilidade e permite avaliar aspectos psicossociais específicos relacionados ao consumo de frutas e hortaliças em adolescentes. O questionário testado oferece subsídios importantes para o desenvolvimento e aplicação de programas e ações voltados para promoção da alimentação saudável entre adolescentes.


Palavras-chave


Aspectos psicossociais. Adolescentes. Frutas. Hortaliças. Reprodutibilidade de resultados. Tradução.

Texto completo:

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12957/demetra.2022.59931

e-ISSN: 2238-913X


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