current problems surrounding childhood and the theory of matthew lipman

leoni maria padilha henning

Abstract


The present work intends to focus the child in the context of what is understood of childhood today, a concept which is overlapped in the net of relations of a world geared to an exacerbated production, to the banality of knowledge and reflexive activities, to a promptness and to human relations not much solid and based on values marked by the fragility of which is acquired by idioms and by mass standards. Looking for an alternative to interrupt the strength of mechanisms of an education inspired on the “paradigm standard of the pedagogic normal practice” (1995, p. 30), Lipman proposes an “educative model ruled in reflexive practice”, maintained in his revised edition of Thinking in Education (2003, p. 18-19), in which philosophy distinguishes itself with an unique and necessary participation of the child from the moment they enter school. It is obvious that this suggestion is based on a different conception of childhood. The philosopher is disturbed by that prescriptive perspective that indicates, for the youngest, restrictions in order to be surprised by the things and by the situations that has been shown to them, lessening in that way, the taste for questioning and the search for meaning in their experiences.

Keywords


Educação filosófica; infância; Lipman

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childhood & philosophy Creative Commons License
e-issn 1984-5987 | p-issn 2525-5061