A Study of Legal Innovations of Criminal Procedure Code Adopted on 2014 February 23 concerning Observation of Privacy and Preservation of Personal Secrets in the Porcess of Criminal Procedure from the Point of View of Citizenship Rights relying on Quranic Verses and Prophetic Traditions

Iman Atri, Mohammad Reza Gulverdi, Ghulam Hossein Delavar

Resumo


Privacy and preservation of personal secrets as one of the most important factors of protection of social security as well as the citizenship rights in view of their importance have been taken into earnest in the constitutional laws of the countries and international community insofar as the legislator has adopted new measures in order to protect the citizenship rights and for the sake of better observation of these rights. Thus, some specific laws have been legislated in the area of the rules and formalities of criminal procedure. Formal laws of our national criminal procedure, in the face of the challanging paradox of securing the interests of the convict and preservation of the social interests and of course under the influence of Islamic jurisprudence and trans-national legal codes, have reached the apex of their evolution in the domain of observation of the citizenship rights of the convict who is more than anyone else exposed to the violation of his basic rights. Accordingly, many effective measures have been adopted in the process of criminal procedure particularly for the observation and protection of privacy and respecting the personal secrets of individuals which in the present essay have been enumerated and assayed in view of their jurisprudential foundations.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12957/rqi.2019.38283


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