the case for philosophy for children in kenyan schools




philosophy for children, value education, community of inquiry, competency-based curriculum.


The significance of value-based education in character development and inculcation of ethical citizenship attitudes in Kenyan schools cannot be overemphasized. In the recent past, cases of unethical behaviour among primary school-going children and those who have graduated from this important segment of education have been on the rise, despite the various interventions by the Kenyan government to integrate value concerns in the curriculum. Since 2020, there has been a sharp increase in the cases of student-led arsons in learning institutions in Kenya. From independence, the government of Kenya adopted an indirect approach of value education that advocates for integration of values within regular curriculum. This strategy seems ineffective owing to an increase in the cases of indiscipline among learners. This study seeks to examine the application of Philosophy for Children (P4C) as the architecture for implementing value-based education and the realization of Chapter Six of the Constitution of Kenya because the values thatP4C aims to nurture are highly consistent with those of the Kenyan Constitution. Through P4C, the Kenyan Education system can achieve its goal of preparing responsible and ethical citizens of high moral integrity.  Chapter Six of the Kenyan Constitution has laid the cornerstone principles of Leadership, Integrity and elements of ethical citizenship. It dictates the code of conduct for state officers and responsible citizenry. Through the Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC), the Ministry of Education seeks to inculcate these principles in the learners at an early age.   

Author Biographies

eliud shani ominde, University of Nairobi

Department of Educational Foundations

atieno kili k'odhiambo, University of Nairobi

Department of Educational Foundations

samsom okuro gunga, University of Nairobi

Department of Educational Psychology and Foundations


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How to Cite

ominde, eliud shani, k’odhiambo, atieno kili, & gunga, samsom okuro. (2022). the case for philosophy for children in kenyan schools. Childhood & Philosophy, 18, 01–17.