Americanization and the planetary spread of ethnic conflict: the globalization trap | La americanización y la expansión planetaria del conflicto étnico: La trampa de la globalización




Ethnic conflict, Nationalism, Globalization.


In contrast to mainstream, conventional view of globalisation as a force for ‘good’, the article argues that the current form of cultural globalization needs to be conceptualised as synonymous with Americanization. As a form of cultural replacement and destruction of world cultures, globalization has engendered conflict on a series of levels. Because the process is one-way and unidirectional, the result is anything but the fusion between nations and amalgamation of ethnic groups. Contrary to the gospel preached by the evangelists of unrestrained globalization, the imposition of more and more American mass products and cultural icons means less and less possibilities for direct inter-ethnic encounter, communication and mutual understanding among nations. In its current form, globalization means conflict and, ultimately, international conflict.

Keywords: Ethnic conflict; Nationalism; Globalization.


En contraste con la visión convencional de la globalización como una fuerza del "bien", el artículo sostiene que la forma actual de globalización cultural debe conceptualizarse como sinónimo de americanización. En cuanto forma de sustitución cultural y destrucción de las culturas del mundo, la globalización ha provocado conflictos en varios niveles. Debido a que el proceso es unidireccional, el resultado no puede ser la auspiciada ‘fusión’ entre naciones y grupos étnicos. Al contrario del evangelio materialista predicado por los fundamentalistas de la globalización desenfrenada, la imposición de más y más productos de masas e iconos culturales estadounidenses significa cada vez menos posibilidades de encuentro interétnico, menos comunicación y menos entendimiento mutuo entre naciones. En su forma actual, la globalización significa conflicto y, en última instancia, conflicto internacional.

Palabras-clave: Conflicto étnico; Nacionalismo; Globalización.


Recebido em: 30 out. 2021 | Aceito em: 23 dez. 2021.

Biografia do Autor

Daniele Conversi, Universidad del País Vasco

Professor Pesquisador da UPV / EHU e Fundação Ikerbasque


Anderson, B. (1992) Long-Distance Nationalism: World Capitalism and the Rise of Identity Politics. Berkeley, CA: Center for German and European Studies, University of California.

Barber, B. R. (1995) Jihad vs. McWorld. New York: Ballantine Books.

Bauman, Z. (1989) Modernity and the Holocaust. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press/ Polity Press.

Connor, W. (1994) Ethnonationalism: The Quest for Understanding. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Connor, W. (2004) 'Nationalism and political illegitimacy', in CONVERSI, D. (ed.) Ethnonationalism in the Contemporary World. London/ New York: Routledge.

Conversi, D. (1995) 'Reassessing theories of nationalism. Nationalism as boundary maintenance and creation', Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, 1(1), pp. 73-85.

Conversi, D. (1999) 'Nationalism, boundaries and violence', Millennium. Journal of International Studies, 28(3), pp. 553-584.

Conversi, D. (2001) 'Post-communist societies between ethnicity and globalization', Journal of Southern, Europe & the Balkans, 3(2), pp. 193-196.

Gellner, E. (1983) Nations and Nationalism. Oxford: Basil Blackwell/ Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Gray, J. (1998) 'Anarcho-capitalism in post-communist Russia', False Dawn: the Delusions of Global Capitalism. London: Granta Books, pp. 132-165.

Gray, J. (2003) Al Qaeda and What It Means to Be Modern. New York: Faber and Faber.

Herman, E. S. and Chomsky, N. (1988) Manufacturing Consent. The Political Economy of the Mass Media. New York: Pantheon Books

Hertz, N. (2001) The Silent Takeover. Global Capitalism and the Death of Democracy. London: Heinemann.

Klein, N. (2000) No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies. New York: Picador.

Monbiot, G. (2000) Captive State: The Corporate Takeover of Britain. London: Macmillan.

Palast, G. (2003) The Best Democracy Money Can Buy: An Investigative Reporter Exposes the Truth About Globalization, Corporate Cons, and High Finance Fraudsters. Constable Robinson.

Pilger, John (2001) 'Academia is silent on imperialism, as German universities were during the rise of the Nazis'. Available in:

Sardar, Z. and Davies, M. W. (2002) Why Do People Hate America? Cambridge: Icon.

Smith, A. D. (1998) Nationalism and Modernism: A Critical Survey of Recent Theories of Nations and Nationalism. London: Routledge.

Snow, N. (2003) Information War: American Propaganda, Free Speech and Opinion Control Since 9/11. Seven Stories Press.

Soros, G. (1998) The Crisis of Global Capitalism. Open Society Endangered., NY: Public Affairs

Zulaika, J. and Douglass, W. A. (1996) Terror and Taboo: The Follies, Fables, and Faces of Terrorism. London: Routledge




Como Citar

Conversi, D. (2021). Americanization and the planetary spread of ethnic conflict: the globalization trap | La americanización y la expansión planetaria del conflicto étnico: La trampa de la globalización. Mural Internacional, 12, e64412.



DOSSIÊ | DOSSIER Nacionalismos XXI