Americanization and the planetary spread of ethnic conflict: the globalization trap | La americanización y la expansión planetaria del conflicto étnico: La trampa de la globalización

Daniele Conversi

Resumo


In contrast to mainstream, conventional view of globalisation as a force for ‘good’, the article argues that the current form of cultural globalization needs to be conceptualised as synonymous with Americanization. As a form of cultural replacement and destruction of world cultures, globalization has engendered conflict on a series of levels. Because the process is one-way and unidirectional, the result is anything but the fusion between nations and amalgamation of ethnic groups. Contrary to the gospel preached by the evangelists of unrestrained globalization, the imposition of more and more American mass products and cultural icons means less and less possibilities for direct inter-ethnic encounter, communication and mutual understanding among nations. In its current form, globalization means conflict and, ultimately, international conflict.

Keywords: Ethnic conflict; Nationalism; Globalization.

RESUMEN

En contraste con la visión convencional de la globalización como una fuerza del "bien", el artículo sostiene que la forma actual de globalización cultural debe conceptualizarse como sinónimo de americanización. En cuanto forma de sustitución cultural y destrucción de las culturas del mundo, la globalización ha provocado conflictos en varios niveles. Debido a que el proceso es unidireccional, el resultado no puede ser la auspiciada ‘fusión’ entre naciones y grupos étnicos. Al contrario del evangelio materialista predicado por los fundamentalistas de la globalización desenfrenada, la imposición de más y más productos de masas e iconos culturales estadounidenses significa cada vez menos posibilidades de encuentro interétnico, menos comunicación y menos entendimiento mutuo entre naciones. En su forma actual, la globalización significa conflicto y, en última instancia, conflicto internacional.

Palabras-clave: Conflicto étnico; Nacionalismo; Globalización.

 

Recebido em: 30 out. 2021 | Aceito em: 23 dez. 2021.


Palavras-chave


Ethnic conflict; Nationalism; Globalization.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12957/rmi.2021.64412



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