O AIIB e a securitização do desenvolvimento: a transposição da ameaça chinesa para o financiamento multilateral | The AIIB and the securitization of development: the transposition of the chinese threat to multilateral financing

Samuel Spellmann

Resumo


Não são recentes as interpretações da China como uma ameaça aos valores e aos interesses dos Estados Unidos da América (EUA). A percepção da China como ameaça também diz respeito ao crescimento econômico alcançado pelo país asiático. Este processo de securitização é, portanto, transposto para o plano do desenvolvimento econômico. Em decorrência disto, interromper iniciativas transnacionais chinesas de estímulo ao desenvolvimento tornou-se objetivo do Estado Norte-americano. Através de estudo de caso, este artigo aborda o processo de securitização da agenda do desenvolvimento promovida pelo Banco Asiático de Investimentos em Infraestrutura (AIIB) enquanto nova fase da securitização do desenvolvimento da China. Em seu primeiro segmento, recobram-se as bases da teoria da securitização. Após, é exposta a securitização da China, inserindo-a no contexto dos processos de securitização do desenvolvimento e da periferia do capitalismo. O artigo encerra abordando o estudo de caso da agenda do desenvolvimento proposta pelo AIIB.

 Palavras-chave: China; Securitização do Desenvolvimento; AIIB.

 

ABSTRACT

Interpretations of China as a threat to the values and interests of the United States of America (USA) are not new. The perception of China as a threat also concerns the economic growth reached by the Asian country. This process of securitization is, therefore, transposed to the economic development sphere. As a consequence, interrupting Chinese transnational initiatives for development stimulus became an objective for the American State. Using a case study, this paper discusses the process of securitization of the development agenda promoted by the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) as a new phase of the securitization of China’s development. To so, in its first segment, the theoretical bases for the securitization theory are recovered. Next, the securitization of China is exposed, inserting it in the context of two distinct processes of securitization: the securitization of development; and the securitization of the periphery of capitalism. The last section ends by taking on a case study of the securitization agenda of development proposed by the AIIB.

Keywords: China; Securitization of Development; AIIB.

 

Recebido em: 05 ago. 2021 | Aceito em: 18 mai. 2022.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12957/rmi.2022.61502



Direitos autorais 2022 Samuel Spellmann

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