Nacionalismo na Índia de Narendra Modi e do Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) | Narendra Modi, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Nationalism in India

João Paulo Nicolini Gabriel, Henoch Gabriel Mandelbaum, Carlos Eduardo Carvalho, Marcel Artioli

Resumo


O artigo analisa peculiaridades significativas do governo Modi dentre os nacionalismos "de direita". Elementos tradicionais indianos sustentam personalismo e chauvinismo religioso. Medidas de liberalização econômica se mesclam com estratégias estatais de desenvolvimento, como desde os anos 1990, com ênfase em setores de alta tecnologia. Leis agrícolas para modernizar a atividade rural encontram forte reação de milhões de agricultores que se sentem ameaçados. Reformas na tributação e no sistema monetário buscam fortalecer o Estado e concentrar poder no governo central. A política externa mantém orientações tradicionais para transformar a Índia em potência global. Modi cultiva a imagem de líder forte e capaz de estabelecer políticas assertivas em disputas com a China, mas preserva as relações com Pequim. Diversificação de parcerias e negociação de acordos comerciais procuram fortalecer a autonomia nacional e reforçam a concepção de soberania como valor que acompanha historicamente o desejo de modernização produtiva.

 Palavras-chave: nacionalismo hindu; Narendra Modi, BJP.


ABSTRACT

The article analyzes the expressive peculiarities of Modi's administration among "right-wing" nationalisms. Traditional Indian elements underpin personalism and religious chauvinism. Since the 1990s, economic liberalization measures have been intertwined with state development strategies, emphasizing high-tech sectors. Agricultural legislation to modernize rural activity has faced strong reactions from millions of farmers. Tax and monetary system reforms seek to strengthen the state and concentrate power in the central government. The foreign policy maintains traditional guidelines to morph India into a global power. Modi cultivates the image of a strong leader capable of establishing strategies in disputes with China while preserving relations with Beijing. Diversification of partnerships and negotiation of trade agreements aim to highlight national autonomy and the concept of sovereignty as a value that historically accompanies the desire for productive modernization.

 Key-words: Hindu nationalism; Narendra Modi; BJP.

 

Recebido em: 30 mai. 2021 | Aceito em: 02 dez. 2021.


Palavras-chave


Índia; nacionalismo; Modi; BJP

Texto completo:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12957/rmi.2021.60103



Direitos autorais 2021 Carlos Eduardo Carvalho; João Paulo Nicolini Gabriel; Henoch Gabriel Mandelbaum; Marcel Artioli

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