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Lola Dellit

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In order for us to obtain a clear picture and be able to see the differences I would also like to review the website of England’s world known British Broadcasting Corp. BBC-Sport After all, it was in England where soccer was first played hundreds of years ago. The BBC’s website dedicated for soccer is concise. Meaning, they give you everything you need in one place. They give you the lates headlines from games in the Premiership and the other leages in the UK and Europe. One of the most impressive things is the section called Academy where one professional players discusses topics about how to be better at soccer. They also give you a link so that you check the upcoming games on their network.

The Peacock report was published in July 1986. It firmly rejected the idea of introducing advertising, a stance strongly supported in the press. On the other hand, the criticisms in the report did inspire a new set of guidelines for producers, giving them much greater flexibility in financing their productions. The following year, the company's commercial activities were expanded with the creation of BBC Subscription Television Limited as a fully owned subsidiary of BBC Enterprises. BBCSTV, a provider of late-night niche subscription services, was a timely response to fundamental changes in the structure of the broadcasting industry. A second BBC initiative was realized in April 1991 with the launch of BBC World Service Television Limited in Europe.

Designed as a self-funding cable subscription service, World Service Television offered 18 ten-minute international news bulletins a day, in addition to highlights from the domestic services produced by BBC1 and BBC2. In November 1991 World Service Television was extended to Asia, a market with an estimated 170 million English speakers. This new venture was especially popular in India, where early reports indicated that it was watched by seven times as many people as CNN. The BBC entered the 1990s engaged in much soul-searching. Sixteen task forces were appointed and spent a year looking at the entire scope of BBC operations from the inside. Titled "Extending Choice--The BBC's Role in the New Broadcasting Age," the resulting 88-page document released in November 1992 highlighted the BBC's arguments for charter renewal.

That December, Hussey and the board of governors hired John Birt to replace Sir Michael Checkland as director-general. A former executive at ITV, Birt got off to a very bad start at his new employer. To begin with, Birt cut a secret deal with the board to work as a consultant, thereby avoiding some £1,500 in annual taxes and billing some questionable expenses (Armani suits, for example) to the BBC. Though totally legal, the arrangement infuriated the broadcaster's rank-and-file, who succeeded in demanding that he be made a regular staff member. Birt's policies did not go over well with staff, either. At the same time, the BBC struggled to reconcile its traditional role as a publicly-funded broadcaster with its nascent commercial activities.

In 1904 the United Kingdom’s Wireless Telegraphy Act put the Royal Post Office in control of issuing broadcast licenses. In 1919, after complaints that new broadcasters were interfering with military communications, the Post Office stopped issuing these licenses, and by 1922 new stations were permitted to begin broadcasting only as part of a monopoly called the British Broadcasting Company. In 1927 a royal charter converted this company into the British Broadcasting Corporation, the BBC. Today this nominally autonomous corporation is run by a Board of Governors whose members are appointed to four-year (formerly five-year) terms by the elected government in Parliament.

The BBC is managed by a Director General appointed by the Governors. BBC airs no advertising. Its broadcasts are funded by a "licence fee" levied on every household that owns a television set. The poor and other favored groups are exempted from this tax, and those with black-and-white TVs pay less than those with color. 5.2 billion each year, which it uses to produce and broadcast programs and to maintain the largest news-gathering operation in the world. BBC Television launched the world’s first regular television service in 1936 from the Alexandra Palace in London. It has aired ever since, except during World War II when it temporarily went dark lest its signal be detected by German bombers over London.

That channel, now known as BBC One, broadcasts mostly dramas, comedies, game shows and soap operas. BBC Two was launched in 1964 and today it features more eclectic, cultural and news-oriented programs than BBC One. BBC has long exported its programs and documentaries, many of which air in the United States on PBS. It also broadcasts a few imported foreign programs. BBC Radio shows and news stories are broadcast in the U.S. Pacifica Radio and National Public Radio. BBC airs its own noncommercial UK news channel (BBC News 24) to compete with Cable News Network (CNN) and the Rupert Murdoch sister operation to Fox, Sky News in Europe.

BBC also produces BBC World, a commercial news network broadcast worldwide outside the UK, that shares reporters and stories with BBC News 24. Many of its stories also air on the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). A half-hour version of BBC World News is available to PBS stations via WLIW in New York and it can presently be viewed by 80 to 90 percent of U.S. BBC today, by some measures, has only 28 percent of the audience "share" it once commanded. Unlike a capitalist enterprise, the corporation needs neither profits nor high audience ratings to survive — but it does need political support. That support has eroded in recent years for a variety of reasons, among them the hard-left political bias evident in its programs and public statements.

When Conservative Margaret Thatcher was the British Prime Minister (1979-90) and hinted that she might privatize BBC, the Corporation preemptively attacked her with its comedy series "Yes, Minister" to portray the government as laughably incompetent. BBC reporters are widely perceived as favoring the political left, and as being inclined to criticize conservatives while supporting the socialist Labour Party. In 1997 the ascent of "New Labour" leader Tony Blair as Britain’s Prime Minister was greeted enthusiastically by BBC, as were his political appointees to run BBC, Gavyn Davies as Chairman and Greg Dyke as Director General. ’" The truth, wrote Adams, "is exactly the opposite.

The crew members of the HMS Ark Royal, the flagship of the Royal Navy stationed in the Persian Gulf, became so disgusted with the one-sided anti-war slant of the BBC that they tuned their television sets to Sky News. "The BBC always takes the Iraqis’ side," said one British sailor in the Persian Gulf. In July 2003 a report on BBC Radio 4 quoted an anonymous government official suggesting that the Blair government had "sexed up" its dossier on Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction, contrary to the wishes of the intelligence services. An investigation that followed found that the reporter’s charges were inaccurate. The London Telegraph obtained numerous internal BBC memos and emails. "The BBC is no longer relied on in the way it was," admitted Labour member of Parliament Gerald Kaufman, Chair of the Commons Committee on Culture and the Media. "It’s placed itself in a situation where its word isn’t accepted automatically anymore. BBC reporting about the Middle East is usually critical of Israel and sympathetic towards Palestinians.

Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work produced by our essay writing service. You can view samples of our professional work here. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays. The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) was established on October 18, 1922. It was established under the hands of some wireless manufacturers including Guglielmo Marconi (Marconi), inventor of the radio. In 1927, the company’s name was changed to the British Broadcasting Corporation. The BBC is the largest and popular broadcasting companies in the world.

The BBC London office alone has 10,000 employees. It is publicly-owned and funded by a television license fee that everyone with a television has to pay. The structure of the BBC is very complex. There are more than 150 subsidiaries and joint ventures, divided into 16 main divisions and out of which nine are broadcasting divisions. In Britain the BBC has got eight television channels and ten radio networks along with 46 local and national radio stations. The BBC networks (like BBC1, BBC3, and Radio 1) are managed by these nine areas. The other five divisions provide the support to program-making and channel-running. Without these the BBC couldn’t function.

Strategic management is a systematic analysis of external and internal environmental factors in order to provide necessary information for effective management practices. Cultural web of BBC: Aligning your organizational cultural with strategy. Culture determines how we do the things around us. Once organization adopts some ways of doing particular things in a particular manner and people following it makes the culture. It is very difficult to change the culture of an organization, but dyke was very much success in changing the culture of BBC from bureaucratic to clan control. Reduced viewers because of the introduction of satellite and cable television in the UK.

In 1990 BBC’S in- house production department was affected by the broadcasting act of 1990, which states that all television channels are required to source 25% of their television programs from independent producers. There was no mutual trust and employees were not willing to collaborate with each other. Bureaucratic model: BBC was following bureaucratic model, which Dyke found, it was not suitable to the BBC because, those models will aim at only efficiency through framing strict rules and regulations. Everyone in the organization is bound to follow the rules even though the rules do not meet the person’s capabilities. Some employees who have new ideas were also lacking behind because of these rules, which generally restricts their responsibilities.

The rational goal model: this model focuses on the organization’s ability to achieve its goals. An organization’s goals are identified by establishing the general goal, and finding easy ways to achieve the general goals in turn which lead to achievement of organizational goals. The managerial process model: A productivity of various managerial processes like decision making, planning, budgeting, is analyzed for achieving goals. Gives more freedom to set own objectives. Organizational development model: This model also increases the organization’s ability to work as a team and to fit the needs of its members. The benefits of these models are same as Managerial process model. The structural functional model: this model tests the durability and flexibility of the organization’s structure for responding to a diversity of situations and events. Helps the organization to be secured in relation to the social forces in its environment. Improves stability of lines of authority and communication. Improves stability of informal relations within the organization. Continuity can be seen in policy making.

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