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The Benefits And Drawbacks Of Gene Editing Tools

by Viola Karn (2021-08-24)

Gene editing wasn't an idea until a decade ago. But with more scientific research and experiments conducted using the technology in full swing the topic is a subject of discussion everywhere. Scientists continue to debate the potential risks and benefits of editing the genome throughout the world. Although, geneticists in the field of plant breeding are adept at breeding robust, high-yield plants to combat hunger, critics warn of the uncertain effects of this on human health.

The benefits of gene editing
Here are a few advantages of the technology of genome editing.

1. Tackling and Defeating Diseases:
Most deadly and severe diseases in the world have resisted destruction. A number of genetic mutations that humans suffer from will be eliminated only when we are able to actively intervene and genetically alter the next generation.

Cancer Therapeutics The new immunotherapy treatment is possible through genetic editing that can be used to treat cancer. The CRISPR-mediated modification of T-cells can identify and kill cancerous cells.
Drug Research: Genetic makeup could potentially speed up the drug discovery process. Certain drug manufacturers are already using CRISPR technology into their drug research and discovery phase.
Inherent diseases: By genetic editing, the scientist can prevent the inherent disease from transferring onto the offspring. Cystic fibrosis and diabetes are also able to be eliminated.

2. Make sure you live longer
The editing of genes could prolong the human lifespan. Human lifespans have already shot up by a few years, and we're living longer and longer. Genetic engineering could make our time on Earth even longer. Certain diseases and illnesses which are common could develop later in life, and could put our lives in danger. Genetic editing can help reverse the main reasons for the body's natural decline at a basis of cellular. So it can drastically improve both the span and the quality of life later on.

3. The Quality and Growth of Food Production
Genetic engineering permits foods to be developed that are not prone to extreme temperatures as well as rich in nutrients. It could also help meet high food requirements, which some countries haven't fulfilled. It is also possible to increase the medicinal value and create edible vaccines.

4. Pest Resilient Crops:
According to Jennifer Doudna, CRISPR pioneer, "genome editing can address the nutritional and pest problems that plague agriculture". Instead of wasting a lot of insecticides and pesticides, we can ensure our plan with a Read More Here sustainable approach.
Gene Editing: The Cons
While Genome editing has many benefits, it could also have many areas to be questioned. Such as,

1. 1.
Let's begin with the main argument: modification isn't natural and is akin to playing God. The argument is that "natural is intrinsically good" and that illnesses are natural. They claim that the millions who fall ill and die prematurely are normal. While living longer can cause social issues, what happens to overpopulation of the earth once scientists have eliminated all diseases?

2. Security issues
Let's put aside the ethical aspects of society for a second. Do you have any safety concerns in making changes to the level of cellular life? Even small modifications at the cellular level can have unexpected consequences. What happens if a disease has been eliminated, but it is then followed by an entirely new, riskier one? It is possible to have complications while pregnant, such as miscarriage, premature birth, or stillbirth.

3. 3.
Diversity is the key to evolutionary success. Genetically engineering our species can be detrimental to our genetic diversity, just similar to what the process of cloning. Do we not think the next generation deserves to see the diversity on Earth like we did?

4. Rich people's tool or is it for everyone?
Gene therapy is costly and it's well-known. Let's suppose that we could eliminate a child's defective genetic code within the next few years. What happens if the elite and very wealthy could afford it, and the less fortunate child died? If this were to occur, will genetic editing give "justice" to our society? Will the government pay for all embryos from the low-income families for genetic make-up for purposes?

In conclusion
Genetic engineering's pros and cons provide an idea of its outcomes. A variety of states and laws have been proposed to ensure the highest possible result. If the right laws are in place and there is a proper supervision of its use this will be a major gift to mankind.